Fibromyalgia is a neuromuscular disorder which is characterized by generalized muscle pain and soft tissue tenderness affecting the whole body. Symptoms are associated fatigue, sleep or memory issues. It is a chronic disorder wherein the joints and soft tissues in the body experience tenderness, along with pain in the muscles, involving the extremities. The literal meaning of the term fibromyalgia is a pain in the fibrous tissue. Fibromyalgia is often triggered either due to some invading infection, or it can be post-traumatic stress (physical or emotional stress) induced. The family history of rheumatic diseases or genetic predisposition also plays a role in triggering the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia can often go misdiagnosed in the presence of other rheumatic and somatic diseases.
Pathogenesis of Fibromyalgia
Most researchers have till now proposed that fibromyalgia is caused as a result of abnormal processing of nerve signals for pain sensation by the central nervous system (brain) which makes the person oversensitive to slight pain. The pain sensation is amplified in such as person since there is a discrepancy in the processing of neuro signals.
Treatment of Fibromyalgia
Many patients with fibromyalgia experience muscular pain due to certain food triggers. Maintaining a food diary for noting the daily intake of foods, along with noting the presence of fatigue and other associated symptoms can be useful. Eliminating such foods on trial basis can be helpful in alleviating the symptoms.
Poor sleep quality & inadequate rest has found to contribute to muscle pain due to decreased muscle repair.
Control on Smoking & Alcohol Intake
Smoking & alcohol induces inflammatory cell responses in the body which increase the overall sensitivity to pain and reduced pain tolerance.
Cardiovascular exercise has been found to reduce pain as well as fatigue in some patients.
Yoga and Music Therapy
These involve relaxation techniques which tend to calm the mind, senses & nerves in those patients who suffer from fibromyalgia as a co-morbid condition along with anxiety, depression and chronic fatigue syndrome.
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