The neck and back lie in a straight line supporting and maintaining the balance of the upper part of the body. The spinal cord runs through the neck and the back originating from the brain, which comprises a crucial part of the central nervous system. The spinal cord is protected by the spinal column, which is a series of bones (vertebrae) arranged in successive fashion, running through the length of the back and ending in the hip region. Neck & back pain often plagues urban folks spending long sedentary hours at workplaces and homes.
Causes of Neck & Back Pain
Cervical spondylosis occurs when there is a tear of the cartilages in the discs and joints found in the neck. The pain can radiate to shoulder and arms, the neck may become stiff.
One of the most common causes of low back pain are herniated discs in the spinal column which compress the nerves causing pain, numbness in the lumbar region which may extend to the legs as well.
The slouched sitting posture while sitting for long hours can cause both neck pain as well as back pain in the long run.
Overuse of neck & back muscles due to strenuous & repetitive activity
Lifting heavy weights regularly and engaging in repetitive actions involving constant bending on the back can also give rise to back and neck pain.
Treatment & Prevention of Neck & Back Pain
Back & neck massages, as well as exercises, can help reduce the pain by easing the stiffness and improving flexibility. Acupuncture can also help provide some relief. The more wise choice is to aim for its prevention. Strategies which can be employed for preventing chronic neck & back pain are maintaining correct, erect posture at sedentary work, losing excess weight if obese, avoiding nicotine abuse (smoking), engage in regular stretching exercises, consume calcium & vitamin D rich foods in the diet.
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